Get to know more about the Artichoke and its therapeutic functions.

Cynara scolymus L.


Family: Asteraceae

Popular nomenclature: Artichocke.

Used part/vegetable organ: Leaves.

THERAPEUTIC INDICATIONS: Antidystopic, antiflatulent, diuretic. Assist in the prevention of atherosclerosis. An adjuvant in the treatment of mild to moderate mixed dyslipidemia and as an aid in the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

 CONTRAINDICATIONS: Contraindicated for patients with a history of hypersensitivity and allergy to any of the components of the herbal or other plants of the family Asteraceae. It is also contraindicated in cases of obstruction of the bile duct, pregnancy and lactation.

 PRECAUTIONS: Concomitant use with diuretics in cases of arterial hypertension or heart disease should be performed under strict medical supervision given the possibility of blood pressure decompensation or, if potassium elimination is considerable, potentiation of cardiotonic drugs may occur. The occurrence of hypersensitivity to C. scolymus has been reported due to the presence of sesquiterpene lactones such as cinaropicrin. There are no studies available to recommend use in children under 12 years or during pregnancy. It should not be used by pregnant women without medical advice.

 The main function of the artichoke is to activate the vesicle and stimulate the bile. That is why it is so interesting for the digestion of fats. And this plant also helps a lot to protect the liver. Therefore, it has a proven action to lower the level of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood,” says the nutritionist.

Cynarin is the main active substance in the artichoke. And it is responsible for both protecting our liver and really helping in digestion,” she explains. Karin says that the artichoke is suitable for people who do not do digestion well after eating some protein, like meat. “So it’s interesting to have a little tea before and after the meal,” she recommends. However, she notes that the infusion is not indicated for those who suffer from problems related to excessive acid production.

Cynara scolymus L. has been cited since the 4th century BC as food and medicine. It was prized by the ancient Romans as a juicy vegetable with beneficial effects for digestion. Popularly known by the name of artichoke is an Asteraceae, brought to Brazil by European immigrants. It has an important role of the Mediterranean diet, being used in the food, medicine and beverage industry (COSTA 2009; NOLDIN 2003; SCHULTZ 2004).




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